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Why do puppies get diarrhea and vomiting?

Gastroenteritis is a mucosal inflammation or irritation of the stomach and intestines. All dogs and puppies are at risk for getting gastroenteritis. It’s among the potential causes of acute diarrhoea and vomiting which could lead to fatalities especially in puppies. Some of the causes of gastroenteritis is

  • ·         feeding a pet “people” food or table scraps
  • ·         ingesting bacteria, viruses, parasites,
  • ·         some medications
  • ·         contaminated food
  • ·         introduction of new foods
  • ·         food allergies

If you’re wondering “Does my dog have Gastroenteritis?” you should know the physical signs that may be shown by your animal:

  • ·         Loss of appetite (only consuming water)
  • ·         Depression
  • ·         Nausea/Gagging                                
  • ·         Diarrhoea - can be tarry and dark or watery stool
  • ·         Vomiting (usually foamy bile)
  • ·         Dehydration
  • ·         Abdominal tenderness
  • ·         Weight loss

Because of the various causes of Gastroenteritis, treatment can vary, it is very important to consult your veterinarian as soon as symptoms appear to ensure a proper diagnosis and treatment. An examination of the faeces or vomit can be the best determinant to help indicate the cause of the problem.

Some preventative measures that are extremely helpful and effective in maintaining a happy healthy animal are

  • ·         Clean and disinfect water and feeding bowls regularly
  • ·         Keep your dog’s living area and environment clean by disinfecting with diluted bleach
  • ·         Keep your dog away from wild animals and pests
  • ·         Always provide fresh food and clean drinking water
  • ·         Keep your dog away from trash and other unfamiliar items
  • ·         Restrict your dog's interaction with potentially sick dogs
  • ·         Avoid giving animals raw or undercooked meat or sea food, contact your local veterinarian to find out what is the best feeding choice for your animal.

·         Ensure that your animals are up to date with their vaccinations to help prepare their immune system to defend itself from any invasion of pathogens. Vaccinations protect against canine distemper, leptospirosis, parvovirus, and infectious canine hepatitis which are the most common causes of potentially fatal gastroenteritis in puppies.

 Regular check-ups by your veterinarian help to prevent illnesses and ensure your animal is in tip top shape. It is especially important to consult your vet when your dog shows signs of illness. As a pet owner, caring for your adoptive family is necessary to keep them healthy and happy.

 The TTSPCA Tobago Shelter provides an essential service which means that even during lockdown we are still available for puppy vaccinations and treating gastroenteritis cases. We are committed and fully equipped in providing great clinic services to you and your pets as “Paws Are Our Cause”. Contact us at (868) 639-2567 or for emergencies call (868) 309-0219 or visit us Monday through Friday 10:00 am – 5:30 pm and Saturdays 9:00 am – 12:30 pm.

Author: Jaquie James
Last Updated: 2020-07-31T07:13:40.602Z